In a nutshell, the \”antenna\” system of a plant that gathers the solar energy is rather simply constructed. Essentially, all it needs are some wireless antennae that can pick up the solar energy. The antennae can be found in all sizes and shapes, and the best part is that they come at a very affordable price. As a result, a large number of plants have adopted the sun-gathering system, which is also popularly known as the \”antennae system\”. Here we will introduce you to the fascinating world of solar-powered plants and introduce you to this interesting new type of vegetation. Keep reading if this sounds interesting. You will discover a lot more about solar energy and how it is harnessed by plants.
The Basics of Solar Energy Harvesting By Plants
The way most people know and experience energy is through the generation of electricity. In the modern world, we have all become so used to enjoying the convenience that electricity brings that we have stopped seeing it as a commodity that is created by power stations and utility companies. Instead, we have grown to expect that the energy companies will come to our aid whenever we need it, regardless of the cost. For example, we turn on our electricity when we turn on our favorite electronics device, which is usually powered by electricity anyway. Most people are not aware of the fact that we actually generate most of the electricity we need through natural processes. While it is relatively easy to identify the primary contributors to the electrical generation in our environment, it is more difficult to trace solar energy back to its source. Nevertheless, it is increasingly becoming obvious that the main source of energy in our environment is the Sun. Specifically, the sun gives off electromagnetic waves in the form of light that are capable of generating electrical energy in a natural manner. This is known as solar photovoltaic energy or solar PV energy for short. The process by which solar energy is harnessed and converted to electricity is known as solar energy harvesting. The general methodologies of solar energy harvesting have been extensively detailed in many research papers, some of which are listed here. The best part is that it is a largely automated process, which makes it a good fit for large-scale industrial application. The following list details the various components of a solar energy harvesting plant:
The Sun is the source of all solar energy and has been compared to a perfect battery that stores energy for use whenever and wherever it is needed. This is why we often hear about the “energy crisis” and how solar energy could potentially solve this problem. The type of solar energy that can be converted to electricity varies by location and time of day. The best time to generate electricity is between 10 am and 4 pm, when the Sun is at its peak and able to beam the most energy at the plant. Unfortunately, the plant’s location and orientation relative to the Sun also determines the season in which it can generate electricity, namely:
- Spring: When the Sun is directly overhead, creating direct sunlight that is rich in short-wave infrared heat energy;
- Summer: When the Sun is at its highest point directly overhead, creating direct sunlight that is rich in long-wave infrared heat energy; and
- Autumn: When the Sun is at its highest point, creating direct sunlight that is rich in visible light and heat energy.
The conversion of light into electrical energy is not a new phenomenon. Ever since the beginning of time, humans have been using natural light to illuminate their environment and facilitate vision. In this sense, light is typically seen as “good” because it allows us to see things clearly and gives us the opportunity to observe nature. In the 21st century, our access to light has expanded beyond our natural surroundings. Thanks to advancements in technology, we can now harness light for other purposes. For example, we can use specialized optics to focus the Sun’s light into a small area and create a solar cell. This type of solar cell is typically called a concentrated solar power cell or a solar cell.
The Solar Cell
A solar cell is an electronic device that produces electrical energy from sunlight. It is a highly efficient way of converting solar energy into usable electrical energy, which makes it suitable for many applications. A solar cell can be connected to various types of wiring, which allows for the easy connection of appliances and electronics. In some cases, it is even possible to charge electronic devices directly from a solar cell. This way, we do not even need to worry about the capacity of the batteries that power these devices. In addition to electronics, a solar cell can be used to illuminate small areas such as an entranceway or a room. This feature makes it highly beneficial for people who suffer from seasonal affective disorder (SAD), making them feel as though the brightness of the Sun is constantly forcing them to stay indoors. Even without SAD, it is still beneficial to have a solar cell on hand in case of emergency or natural disaster. These devices are often called mini power plants because of their small size, but they are capable of generating electricity comparable to larger power plants. The most common type of solar cell is called a photovoltaic cell, which means it is capable of converting light energy into electrical energy. The specific manner in which a photovoltaic cell operates is by creating a voltage differential between an emitter and a receiver, which are two terminals located on the device. Typically, the emitter is exposed to sunlight and the receiver is kept in the dark. When the Sun is beaming down on the receiver, a flow of electrons is stimulated, thereby generating an electrical current.
Wireless antenne is a broad term that covers many different types of electronic devices that are capable of receiving and/or sending radio waves. Essentially, all wireless antenne are sensitive to the radio frequencies (RF) that are used in connection with wireless communication technologies. There are two types of wireless antenne:
- A receiving wireless antenne, which picks up wireless signals that are broadcast by other devices and passes these signals along to the rest of the system; and
- A sending wireless antennae, which picks up wireless signals that are being transmitted by other devices and converts them into digital data, which are then passed along to the rest of the system.
The circuitry is a broad term that covers many different components that are used to construct a device or system. Typically, a device’s or system’s circuitry includes a power supply, a switch, and a load. The power supply provides the energy to the rest of the circuitry while the switch activates and deactivates the flow of electricity. The load is essentially a resistor or, more specifically, a resistor network. The purpose of a load is to regulate the amount of electricity that flows to other components in the system. In many cases, the load is placed in parallel with the power supply to create a more even flow of electricity.
Relays are electronic devices that are used to switch an electrical load on and off, replacing mechanical switches. This is mostly useful in connection with large-scale solar energy plants where manually switching on and off individual electrical loads would be difficult. However, even in cases where relays are not needed, they can still be used to control the flow of electricity to electrical loads. This makes them ideal for use in connection with solar energy harvesting because they need to be turned on and off manually to achieve the same functionality as a mechanical switch. Typically, relays are attached to a printed circuit board (PCB) and are controlled through external circuitry located either on the PCB or integrated within the device. The following are the main advantages of using relays instead of mechanical switches: