Solar Energy Applications in Urban India: Can India Become a Leading Solar Energy Country?

With the rise of renewable energy, particularly solar energy, countries around the world are looking for ways to accommodate more people without relying on fossil fuels. In particular, nations like India are striving to reduce their carbon footprint and move away from fossil fuels because of increasing environmental issues that arise from utilizing them. This blog post will discuss the growing popularity of solar energy in urban areas of India and how it is being used to reduce local pollution.

Renewable Energy Applications In Urban Areas

Although solar energy has been around for centuries, it is still a relatively new technology for many parts of the world, particularly in developed countries. However, thanks to technological advances and the falling costs of solar panels, it is becoming more accessible to everyone. In fact, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA), over 20% of the world’s power now comes from renewable sources, with solar energy making up a significant portion of that number. In 2018, the IEA forecast that 100 million more homes would be equipped with solar energy systems by 2030, bringing the total worldwide to over 400 million households. Similarly, the organization expects that, by 2050, over 1.7 billion homes will have installed some type of renewable technology, with solar energy systems dominating the industry.

Along with the rise of renewable energy, countries are looking for ways to reduce their energy consumption and move away from fossil fuels. This is especially relevant for India, as it is the fifth-largest economy in the world and, as mentioned by the IEA, is predicted to become the third-largest economy in the coming years. Despite these economic benefits, the country still depends heavily on fossil fuels, particularly gasoline and diesel vehicles. According to the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, over 75% of the country’s power comes from fossil fuels, with over 35 million tons consumed per year. Similarly, the country’s vehicle fleet, which includes cars, trucks, and buses, utilizes 7 million tons of fuel annually.

Why Solar Energy In Urban Areas?

Thanks to the advantages of location, climate, and sunshine, many cities in India are now fitting solar panels on their rooftops or on large portions of the surrounding walls. This is primarily because solar energy provides cheaper and more reliable energy than traditional sources, particularly during the day. In addition, in many places, solar energy generates more power than needed and can be sold to the grid, further reducing costs.

As a result, many Indian cities have implemented energy-saving strategies, utilizing both solar power and traditional forms of energy, with many residents enjoying the benefits of both. In particular, according to a 2016 report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), nearly 5 million homes in India have installed solar energy systems and benefit economically as well as environmentally from doing so. Similarly, the government of India has launched a program, 100 Smart Cities, designed to implement the use of renewable energy sources and improve energy efficiency, with at least five Indian cities, including Bengaluru, Coimbatore, Hyderabad, and Pune, now using solar power to some extent.

These benefits of using solar energy in urban areas are reason enough for India to consider this as a potential source of power, but there are also environmental benefits to using this energy form. As mentioned by IRENA, urban areas, particularly in developing countries, have a higher demand for energy than rural areas due to higher population densities. However, the way that energy is generated and consumed in urban areas contributes to a greater amount of pollution. This is because of the higher temperatures that result in more fuel being needed to heat all of the homes and businesses. In order to address this issue, many Indian cities are taking steps to make their environment more sustainable.

Saving Energy While Still Enjoying Luxuries

Thanks to the worldwide trend of implementing renewable energy sources, particularly solar energy, many cities in India have chosen to make changes to their ways of living and working in order to reduce their energy consumption and dependence on fossil fuels. In many places, residents have chosen to install solar energy systems on their roofs or on large portions of the surrounding walls, with some even choosing to generate and store electricity onsite, providing all of their energy needs. This results in a more sustainable and eco-friendly way of living.

In addition to utilizing solar power for their daily needs, residents can also purchase electricity from special retailers who have installed solar energy systems onsite and are selling excess power to the grid, reducing their reliance on fossil fuels and helping to protect the environment. This provides an opportunity for people to enjoy the benefits of renewable energy without sacrificing convenience or quality of life.

Reducing Pollution And CO2 Emissions

The worldwide trend of implementing renewable energy sources is also contributing to a more sustainable environment in India. This is primarily because many Indian cities are choosing to utilize solar power due to its eco-friendly nature and its abundance in the country. In particular, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA), solar energy results in significantly lower carbon dioxide emissions than traditional fossil fuels, due to the fact that it doesn’t contribute to global warming in any way.

Along with the pollution that results from utilizing traditional fuels, particularly in urban areas, there is also the environmental damage that is caused by their extraction and distribution, as well as the manufacturing process of the tanks and pipes that store and transport these fuels. In contrast, solar energy doesn’t contribute to these problems since it is not extracted from the ground and does not pose any threat to the environment during or after its generation. In addition, the IEA states that solar energy produces less than 0.5% of the pollution that traditional fuels produce, further highlighting its eco-friendliness.

Improved Air Quality

Due to the greater efficiency of solar energy in comparison to traditional energy sources, many Indian cities are now enjoying cleaner air, as well. This is because solar energy doesn’t contribute to the formation of smog and other types of air pollution, like car exhaust fumes and dust. This means that people living in these cities can now breathe clean air and enjoy a better quality of life.

Thanks to the increased use of solar power in India, the air quality in many places is greatly improved, with air being fresh and free of contaminants. This is primarily due to the fact that people who live in these areas are reducing their energy consumption and switching to more environmentally-friendly forms of energy, particularly solar power. As a result, their energy needs are being met solely by the sun, with no need to utilize fossil fuels or other energy sources that contribute to air pollution.

The Future Of Solar Energy In Urban Areas

With more and more people choosing to be environmentally conscious and reduce their carbon footprint, there is now a greater demand for solar energy. This is primarily due to the fact that it is a zero-emission energy source that does not pose any threat to the environment during or after its use.

Along with the increased demand for solar energy, there is also the need for appropriate solar energy systems and installers who can professionally and effectively install these systems onsite, minimizing the damage that can be caused by improperly installed or operated systems. In addition, the use of solar energy in Indian cities is increasing, with over 5 million homes now utilizing this environmentally-sustainable energy source. This results in significant reductions in both energy consumption and dependence on fossil fuels, with many residents reporting that they enjoy the peace and quiet that this energy source provides.

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